Wednesday, 7 December 2011

Simple Past Tense

Actions that have already taken place in the past.

Add 'd' or 'ed' to regular verbs.

Examples of regular verbs in simple past tense that are formed by adding 'd' or 'ed'
                         Teacher talked loudly in class last week.
                                         talk  ---> talked

                          She combed her hair just now.
                                          comb ---> combed

                          They watched the movie last night.
                                          watch ---> watched

Examples of irregular verbs, which are not formed by adding 'd' or 'ed'

                           Jenny ate a biscuit just now.
                                           eat ---> ate

                           This morning, my mother drank a glass of orange juice.
                                           drink ---> drank

                            My father gave me a storybook.
                                           give  ---> gave

                            Ali told teacher on what had happened just now.
                                           tell ---> told

Simple Present Tense

Action which are done often, usually, sometimes, or everyday.

‘es’ and
‘ies’ to the original form of the verb.

Use the original form of the verb.

1. To show general truths and facts

  •    Add 's' to the original form of the verb
                              The moon shines at night.
                                     shine  ---> shines
                              The earth moves around the sun.
                                     move  ---> moves

2. A habitual action or an action that is done often

  •    Add 's' to the original form of the verb
                              He walks to school every morning
                                     walk  ---> walks

                              Mr Tan sells fruit and drink every evening.
                                     sell   ---> sells

  •    Add 'ies' to the original form of the verb when the verb ends with a 'y'
                              Mary studies hard every night so that she can pass her exam.
                                      study ---> studies

  •    Add 'es' to the original form of the original form of the verb when the verb ends with 
  •    's', 'sh', 'ch' and 'o'
                              Jason watches television every night.
                                       watch ---> watches
                              Mr Kumar washes his car every weekend.
                                        wash ---> washes

                              Ali crosses that road to school every morning.
                                        cross  ---> crosses

                              Mrs Sarah goes to supermarket every morning.
                                         go ---> goes

Examples of the personal pronouns 'I', 'You', 'We' and 'They'. The verbs remain in the original form.

                               We eat dinner at 7pm every evening.
                                         eat ---> eat
                                I walk to bus stop every morning.
                                         walk ---> walk

                                They drink apple juice every morning.
                                         drink ---> drink

Monday, 5 December 2011

Collective Nouns

Words that we use to show a group of things, animals or people.

1) A herd of cows

2) A swarm of bees

3) A comb of banana

4) An army of soldiers

5) A pair of hands

6) A pair of shoes

7) A bunch of keys